Bring Nature Indoors: DIY Basic Terrarium Ideas

Bring Nature Indoors: DIY Basic Terrarium Ideas

Creating a basic terrarium is a wonderful way to bring a touch of nature indoors. Terrariums are miniature ecosystems that require minimal maintenance and can thrive in various indoor environments. Here’s a step-by-step guide for a simple DIY terrarium:

Materials You’ll Need:

  1. Glass container or jar with a lid or open-top (choose clear glass for visibility)
  2. Small rocks or pebbles (for drainage)
  3. Activated charcoal (to prevent mold and odors)
  4. Potting soil (suitable for your chosen plants)
  5. Small plants (succulents, air plants, ferns, or moss work well)
  6. Decorative elements (optional, e.g., small figurines, decorative stones)
  7. Long-handled spoon or chopstick (for planting)
  8. Spray bottle (for watering)


Choose Your Container: Select a clear glass container with either a lid or an open top. The container should be clean and dry.

Create Drainage Layer: Add a layer of small rocks or pebbles to the bottom of the container. This layer helps with drainage and prevents the roots of your plants from sitting in water, which can lead to root rot.

Add Activated Charcoal: Sprinkle a thin layer of activated charcoal over the rocks. This will help keep the terrarium fresh and prevent mold and odors.

Layer Potting Soil: Add a layer of potting soil on top of the charcoal. The depth of this layer will depend on the size of your container and the size of your plants, but typically it should be about 1-2 inches deep.

Plant Your Greenery:

Carefully plant your chosen small plants in the soil. Use the long-handled spoon or chopstick to dig small holes and place the plants inside. Make sure to space them appropriately and consider their eventual size when arranging them.

Decorate (Optional): If you’d like, you can add decorative elements like small figurines, decorative stones, or miniature furniture to enhance the terrarium’s aesthetics.

Mist and Water: Lightly mist the soil with water to moisten it. Be careful not to overwater; terrariums don’t require a lot of moisture. The closed or covered terrariums will create their own moisture cycle. If you notice condensation on the glass, you’re probably giving them enough moisture.

Seal the Terrarium (if applicable): If you’re using a container with a lid, close it to create a closed terrarium. For open-top containers, you can leave them as is.

Place Your Terrarium: Position your terrarium in a location with indirect sunlight. Avoid direct sunlight, as it can lead to overheating. Terrariums thrive in bright, filtered light.

Maintenance: Monitor your terrarium regularly. If the glass becomes too foggy or if the plants start looking unhealthy, you may need to adjust the moisture level. So If there’s too much moisture, leave the lid off for a while to allow excess moisture to evaporate. If the soil appears dry, mist it lightly. Prune or trim the plants as needed to control their growth.

Remember that terrariums are relatively low-maintenance, making them a great choice for busy individuals looking to add a touch of nature to their indoor spaces. With a little care and attention, your DIY terrarium can thrive and bring the beauty of the outdoors indoors.